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Sand dunes of the Sahara in Timimoun District, south-central Algeria
Sahara sand dunes in Timimoun District, Adrar Province in south-central Algeria.
Image: Zinou de Batna
Location map Algeria. North Africa, Algeria
Location map Algeria

Algeria Flag
Flag of Algeria
Destination Algeria, the country is located in Northern Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in north, Tunisia in northeast, Libya in east, Morocco in west, Western Sahara, Mauritania, and Mali in southwest, and by Niger in the southeast.

Algeria is now Africa's largest country, covering an area of nearly 2.4 million km2, compared, it is 4 times the size of France or slightly less than 3.5 times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. But the country is almost only populated in the small coastal region, because its southern part is covered by the Sahara, the largest subtropical hot desert.

Algeria has a population of 40.4 million people (in 2016). About 90% of Algerians live in the northern, coastal area. Official language is Arabic, French is the language of the elite, Tamazight, the language of the indigenous Berber has been constitutionally recognized as a national language. Capital and most populous city is Algiers.

People's Democratic Republic of Algeria | Al Jaza'ir

Country Profile

Algeria, al Jaza'ir - in Arabic
al Jaza'ir

Algeria's indigenous Berber people has been under foreign rule for much of the last 3000 years. The Phoenicians (1000 BC) and the Romans (200 BC) were the most important of these. With the incursion of Muslim Arabs in the 7th-8th century into the region, Islamic influence came to the Berbers and almost a millenium of domination by Arab dynasties.

In the beginning of the 16th century the region was placed under protection of the Ottoman Sultan of Istanbul, followed by reigns of Ottoman beys, pachas, and aghas, brought to an end with the beginning of the French colonization in 1830.

The French occupation condemned Algeria's population to economic, social and political inferiority and caused an armed resistance lasting for decades. After a century of rule by France, Algeria became independent in 1962 and Arabic became official language - with a little help of Quran teachers from Egypt and Saudi Arabia.
Since then le pouvoir ("the power"), an elite of business leaders and generals behind a democratic façade has run Algeria.

Algeria is a member state of the League of Arab States

related countries: France


Official Name:
Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah
short form: Al Jaza'ir
int'l long form: People's Democratic Republic of Algeria
int'l short form: Algeria

ISO Country Code: dz
Actual Time: Thu-Nov-26  18:41
Local Time = UTC +1h

Country Calling Code: +213

Capital City: Algiers (Alger, Algier)
(pop.) 3 000 000

Principal Towns: Oran, Constantine, Annaba, Blida, Setif, Sidi be Abbes.

Type: Republic.
Independence: 5 July 1962 (from France).

Location: Northern Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea on the north, Morocco, Western Sahara and Mauritania on the west, Mali and Niger on the south, and Libya and Tunisia on the east.
Area: 2.38 million km²
Terrain: Algeria consists of four regions: the coastal mountainous chain. Plains and high plateaus. The mountainous chain of the interior. The area of the Grand Sud with its mountainous solid masses.

Mediterranean in the north, mild, wet winters with hot, dry summers along coast; drier with cold winters and hot summers on high plateau; dry or desert climate for the extreme south of the country; sirocco is a hot, dust/sand-laden wind especially common in summer.

Nationality: Algerian(s).
Population: 40.4 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: ~ Arab 83%, Berber 17%, Touareg, European less than 1%.
Religions: Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1%.
Languages: Arabic (official), French, Tamazight and other Berber dialects.
Literacy: total population, 70%; male 78.8%, female 61% (2003 est.)

Natural resources: Rich deposits of iron ore, phosphates, lead, zinc and antimony; deposits of petroleum and natural gas.

Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle.

Industries: Petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing.

Exports - commodities: petroleum, natural gas, and petroleum products 97%

Exports partners:
Spain 18.8%, France 11.2%, USA 8.8%, Italy 8.7%, UK 7.1%, Brazil 5.2%, Tunisia 4.9%, Germany 4.5% (2015)

Imports partners:
China 15.6%, France 14.4%, Italy 9.4%, Spain 7.4%, Germany 5.6%, Russia 4.1% (2015)

Currency: Algerian Dinar (DZD)

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Official Sites of Algeria

The political system of Algeria is determined by the ailing President (Abdelaziz Bouteflika, 79) in hiding, and a group of unelected civilian and military "décideurs", known as "le pouvoir" ("the power"), but there is a power struggle within the inner circle that has raised fears well beyond the North African country. There are doubts, even by his his closest associates, about Bouteflika's ability to rule the country. After two strokes in recent years Bouteflika has dramatically reduced his public activity. Bouteflika's opponents have called for early presidential elections because of his physical frailty.

Présidence de la République Algérienne Démocratique et Populaire
The Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika. (in Arabic and French)

Algerian Head of Government
Official government website of the Prime Minister of Algeria (in Arabic/French).

The Algerian Government consists of:
Le Conseil de la Nation
The National Council of the Nation (Senate) (in Arabic).
People's National Assembly
People's National Assembly is the lower house of the Algerian Parliament.

Algerian Constitutional Council
Algeria's highest judicial authority.

Ministère des Affaires Etrangères
Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Algeria to the United Nations in New York
Site of the Permanent Mission of Algeria to the UN.
Algerian Embassy in the U.S.
Algerian Embassy in Washington DC.
Algerian Consulate London
Algerian Consulate in the UK.
Algerian Embassy London
Algerian Embassy in the UK.

Office National des Statistiques de l'Algérie (ONS)
National Office of Statistics.

Office National de la Météorologie
National Office of Meteorology.

 Ministries and National Government Agencies of Algeria
More Official Sites of Algeria.


Map of Algeria
Political Map of Algeria.
Google Earth Google Earth Algeria
Searchable map/satellite view of Algeria.
Google Earth Google Earth Algiers (El-Jazair)
Searchable map/satellite view of Algeria's capital city.

Map of the Mediterranean Sea
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa

Cave paintings, Tasili n Ajjer, Algeria
Rock engravings in Tassili n'Ajjer, a vast plateau in south-east Algeria at the borders of Libya, Niger and Mali. Tassili n'Ajjer is a World Heritage Site.
Image: Patrick Gruban

News from Algeria

According to Al Jazeera and other media outlets, the independent press in Algeria is under increasing pressure, despite a guarantee of press freedom in the country's newly approved constitution.

Algerian Press Portal.

Algerian News Agencies
Agence Algérienne d'Information ( AAI )
The Algerian Agency of Information.
Algeria Interface (no longer online)
The bilingual news and views from Algeria, was run by Algerian
and European journalists, whereas the french section was more up to date.
Algérie Presse Service
More Official News by the Algerian News Agency.
New Press Algerie
Algerian Photo Press Agency.

Daily/weekly News
Algerian and international news in Arabic, English and French.
El Khabar
Independent Daily (Arabic, English and French).
El Moudjahid
State-run daily ( in French and English-language).
Le Quotidien d'Oran
Private daily (in French)
National news, weekly (French).
La Tribune
National news, weekly (French).
El Watan
National and international news (French).

International News
Al Jazeera
Arabic news network.


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Arts & Culture

Musée national des Beaux-arts d’Alger
National Museum of Fine Art, Algiers.

Musée National CIRTA, Constantine Algérie
Official site of the National Museum (in Arabic and French).

Kabylie culture forum.

The Berbers
Al Bab about the Berbers.

Mano Dayak, 1949-1995
Article about the internationally renowned Twareg leader of the Tamoust Liberation Front (FLT) and the so called "Twareg problem".

Algerian Rai Music
Introduction to Algeria's popular music.

Dj Cheb i Sabbah (1947 - 2013)
Born in Algeria, dj Cheb i Sabbah might be best described as a ritual music "hajji," a musical pilgrim of the spirit. Listen to DJ Cheb I Sabbah - Ganga Dev.
Cheb Khaled (Khaled)
Cheb Khaled, Algerian ra? singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist born in Oran. Listen to Cheb Khaled - A?cha

Introduction to Raï Music of Algeria
Short Introduction to Algerian Raï Music with some sound examples.
Tuareg musicians from the Sahara Desert region. Listen to Tinariwen - Live at Womad arts festival.

Cashba in Alger
Cashba in Algiers. The historic district was once home to thousands of craftsmen. The Kasbah (Arabic: ??????); is a type of medina, a medieval north African city, or fortress (citadel).
Image: Magharebia

Business & Economy

Algeria is classified as an upper middle income country by the World Bank. However, poverty remains widespread and unemployment high, particularly among Algeria's youth.
The economy is dominated by the state, the Algerian government has halted the privatization of state-owned industries and imposed restrictions on imports and foreign involvement in its economy. The country supplies large amounts of natural gas to Europe and energy exports are the backbone of the economy.

Banque d'Algérie
Central Bank of Algeria.

La Chambre Algérienne du Commerce et d ’Industrie
Algerian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Algerian National Institute of Industrial Property (INAPI)

National Agency of Investment Development (ANDI)

ISP Algeria
Centre de Recherche sur l'Information Scientifique et Technique, Algerie.

Air Algérie
The national carrier of Algeria serves the most significant cities of the interior as well as 37 stopovers through Europe Africa and the Middle-East.
M'Zab Valley Sahara, Algeria
M'Zab Valley with its five ksour (fortified villages)
Image: ? UNESCO / Francis Tack

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Country Guides

Ministère du Tourisme et de l'Artisanat - Algérie
Official guide to Algeria by the Ministry of tourism and the craft industry (in Arabic and French).

Algérie tourisme
Site about tourism and the craft industry in Algeria (in French).

Algeria Guide
An Algeria Guide in French.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites
World Heritage Site Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad
The ruins of Al Qal'a of Beni Hammad, the first capital of the Hammadid emirs, founded in 1007. 

World Heritage Site Djémila (Cuicul)
The remains of the ancient colony Roman with a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal arches and houses, founded during the reign of Nerva (96 - 98 A.D.).

World Heritage Site Kasbah of Algiers
The Kasbah of Algiers, a walled citadel and the traditional quarter clustered around it is overlooking the islands where a Carthaginian trading-post was established in the 4th century BC. There are the remains of the citadel, the old mosques and Ottoman-style palaces as well as the remains of an urban structure associated with a deep-rooted sense of community.

Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi. Timgad lies on the northern slopes of the Aurès mountains and was created as a military colony by the Emperor Trajan in AD 100. Timgad official website
Image: ? UNESCO / Yvon Fruneau

World Heritage Site M'Zab Valley
M'Zab Valley with its five ksour (fortified villages) is a traditional human habitat, created in the 10th century. The ancient urban agglomeration is located in the northern Sahara Desert, 600 km south of Algiers.

World Heritage Site Tassili n'Ajjer
On a vast plateau in south-east Algeria at the borders of Libya and Niger is the strange lunar landscape of the ‘rock forests’ of Tassili n'Ajjer, has an exceptional density of paintings and engravings, and many other prehistoric vestiges. More than 15,000 drawings and engravings record the climatic changes, the animal migrations and the evolution of human life on the edge of the Sahara from 6000 BC to the first centuries of the present era.

World Heritage Site Timgad (Colonia Marciana Traiana Thamugadi)
The Roman military colony north of the Aurès of the massif was founded in 100 A.D. by Trajan. The colony was a "planned city" built out of nothing (ex nihilo), with crosswise aligned streets (cardo and decumanus), Roman urban planning at its height.


Abou Bekr Belkaid University
Badji Mokhtar University
One of the oldest universities in Algeria, located in Annaba.
Université d'Alger
Algiers oldest university, founded 1909.
Université Mentouri - Constantine


Fondation Déserts du Monde
World Deserts Foundation is an intergovernmental orgainzation with the missions to fight against desertification and poverty, and secondly, the preservation and enhancement of the cultures of peoples of the deserts (site in French).

Centre National de Formation Environnemental
National Center for Environmental Development (in French)



History of Algeria
From ancient times to recent history of Algeria.

Algerian History
Timeline of Algeria's history by the Embassy of Algeria, London.

History of Algeria
Page about Algeria's rich history by Wikipedia.


Coin from the time of the Hafsid dynasty (1229–1574) with ornemental Kufic calligraphy.

Additional Information on Algeria

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Algeria
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Algeria

Press Freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Algeria
Report about Press freedom in the country.

Sources and additional Information on Algeria
BBC Algeria: Country profile

FAO: Algeria

Freedom House: Algeria

GlobalEDGE: Algeria

The Heritage Foundation: Algeria

LexicOrient: Algeria

OEC: Algeria
The Observatory of Economic Complexity provides economic information about Sudan.

Wikipedia: Algeria

The World Factbook Algeria
CIA World Factbook Sudan country profile. 
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