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Sunset Cox's Bazar beach, Bangladesh
Sunset at Cox's Bazar, a tourist beach town in south-western Bangladesh.
Image: Tanweer Morshed

Flag of Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh
Location map of Bangladesh. Where in Asia is Bangladesh?
Location map of Bangladesh
A virtual guide to Bangladesh, an independent country since 1971, named officially People's Republic of Bangladesh.

The country is situated in southern Asia in the Ganges River (Padma) delta on the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is bordered by India in west, north and east and has a short border with Myanmar (Burma) in south east.

The state occupies an area of 143,998 km2, compared it is slightly larger than Greece (131,957 km2) or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Iowa.

It is one of the world's most densely populated countries. Bangladesh has a population of more than 164 million people (in 2017). The majority of its population are followers of Islam (about 88%). Capital and largest city is Dhaka. Spoken language is Bangla (or Bengali by 98%).

People's Republic of Bangladesh

Country Profile


Bangladesh came into existence in 1971 when Bengali East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan. About a third of this extremely poor country annually floods during the monsoon rainy season, hampering economic development.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

related countries: Pakistan


Official Name:
Gano Projatontri Bangladesh
short form: Bangladesh
int'l long form: The People's Republic of Bangladesh
former: East Pakistan

ISO Country Code: bd, bgd

Local Time = UTC +6h
Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  21:16

Country Calling Code: +880

Capital City: Dhaka (pop. 12 million, metro area)

Other Cities:
Chittagong (2.8 million), Khulna (1.8 million), Rajshahi (1 million), Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet.

Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 26 March 1971 (from Pakistan).
Constitution: 1972

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between India and Myanmar.
Area: 144 000 km² (55 813 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mainly flat alluvial plain, with hills in the northeast and southeast.

Climate: Semitropical, monsoonal; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October).

Nationality: Bangladeshi(s).
Population: (2017) 164 million.
GNI per capita PPP: $ 1,998 (year)
Ethnic groups: Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims.
Religions: Muslim 88.3%; Hindu 10.5%; Christian 0.3%, Buddhist 0.6%, others 0.3%.
Languages: Bangla (official, also known as Bengali), English is widely used.
Literacy: 54% for males; 32% for females; a total of 43% literacy.

Natural resources: natural gas, lignite coal, limestones, ceramic, clay and glass sand, arable land, timber.

Agriculture products: rice, jackfruit, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, spices,
  potatoes, vegetables, bananas, mangoes, coconut, tea and wheat.

Industries: garments, jute, cotton, textile, tea, paper, newsprint, cement, fertilizer, sugar, engineering, electric cables , leather, fish.

Exports - commodities: garments, knitwear and hosiery (80% of exports revenue), agricultural products, frozen food (fish and seafood), jute and jute goods, leather

Exports partners: US 13.9%, Germany 12.9%, UK 8.9%, France 5%, Spain 4.7% (2015)

Imports - commodities: cotton, machinery and equipment, chemicals, iron and steel, foodstuffs

Imports partners:
China 22.4%, India 14.1%, Singapore 5.2% (2015)

Currency: Taka (BDT)

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs Bangladesh)

Bangladesh in Figures
More Bangladesh statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament (Jatiyo Sangsad). Head of state is the President. Head of government is the Prime Minister.

Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Bangladesh's official homepage.

Bangladesh Jatiya Sangsad
The Bangladesh Parliament.

Prime Minister's Office
Official site of the Prime Minister Office.

Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Official Home Page.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Bangladesh to the United Nations
Bangladesh's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Bangladesh in the U.S.
Washington DC, USA
Bangladesh's Diplomatic Missions Abroad
Address list of Bangladesh's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Foreign Missions in Bangladesh
Addresses of Foreign Missions in Bangladesh.

Bureau of Statistics
National Statistical Office of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh in Figures
Bangladesh key statistical data.


profile Administrative Map of Bangladesh
Administrative Map of Bangladesh.
profile Political Map of Bangladesh
Political Map of Bangladesh.

Google Earth Google Earth Map Bangladesh
Searchable map and satellite view of Bangladesh.

Google Earth Google Earth Map Dhaka
Searchable map and satellite view of Bangladesh's capital city.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.

profile Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.

Bangladesh's National Parliament House
The National Parliament House (Jatiyo Sangsad Bhaban) is the house of the Parliament of Bangladesh, located in Bangladesh's capital Dhaka.

Image: Rossi101

Bangladesh News

News Agency
Bangladesh Sangbad Sangstha (BSS)
The national news agency, Dhaka.

Online News
News From Bangladesh (NFB)
NFB is a Daily On Line News Monitoring Service in English.
Bangladesh News (Independent-Bangladesh)
Bangladesh online news daily.
The Daily Star
Bangladeshi daily newspaper on the Internet, Dhaka.
New Age
Online edition, Dhaka.
News from Bangladesh
Internet Daily from Bangladesh.
The New Nation
Bangladesh Daily.

Bengali Newspapers (in Bangla)

The Daily Ittefaq
Bangla daily.
The Daily Jugantor
Bangla newspaper.
Kaler Kantha
Bangla daily.
Manab Zamin
Another Bangla daily.
Prothom Alo
Bangla daily newspaper. (in Bangla)

Betar-Radio Bangladesh
Government-run radio network from Dhaka with local services.

Bangladesh Television (BTV)
Government-friendly and sole terrestrial TV channel and therfore most popular.

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Arts & Culture

Bangla Showbiz
Entertainment and Celebrity Gossip.

Kazi Nazrul Islam
Wikipedia article about Kazi Nazrul Islam (24 May 1899- 29 August 1976), the Bengali poet, writer, musician, and revolutionary and the national poet of Bangladesh.

Manipuri Dance
Manipur Dance and Music.
The Manipuris
Custom and Culture.

Bangladesh related portal with entertainment and lifestyle news.

The Ricksha Arts of Bangladesh
A site dedicated to one of Bangladesh's unique popular arts, the paintings and decorations on the three-wheeled cycle ricksha.

Rangamaty temple, Bangladesh
Temple at Rangamaty

Business & Economy

Bangladesh's economy has grown at an annual average of about 6% over the last two decades, despite political instability, poor infrastructure, corruption, insufficient power supplies, slow implementation of economic reforms, and the 2008-09 global financial crisis and recession.
The economy of Bangladesh is largely dependent on agriculture (rice). The garment sector is the largest employer of women in Bangladesh. Garment exports, the backbone of Bangladesh's industrial sector, accounted for more than 80% of total exports and surpassed $25 billion in 2015.

Central Bank of Bangladesh
Official website offers national economic data, periodical reposts, currency museum, notifications, press releases.

Dhaka Stock Exchange
Official website of the Dhaka stock exchange.
Chittagong Stock Exchange
Bangladesh's second stock exchange, located in the port city of Chittagong.

Dhaka Chamber of Commerce
Export Promotion Bureau.

Biman Bangladesh Airlines
The national flag carrier of Bangladesh.
GMG Airlines
Bangladesh's leading private domestic airline.
United Airways
The second private airline in Bangladesh offers domestic service and since 2008 also flights to international destinations.

Kuakata Beach, Bangladesh
Kuakata Beach

Teknaf, Bangladesh
Wooden boat on the sea off the coast of Teknaf (Cox's Bazar District), the southernmost point of mainland Bangladesh. ©
Chitals (axis deers) in the Sundarbans
A herd of Chitals (axis deers) deep in the Sundarbans, the largest mangrove forest in the world.
Image: Fabian Lambeck 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Bangladesh - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bangladesh
Best time to go: October to March.
Main Tourist Attractions: Colourful tribal life of Hill Tracts, world's longest sea beach at Cox's Bazar, centuries old historical sites at Dhaka, Paharpur, Mainamati, Mohastangar, Sundarbans the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger, largest tea garden, reverine life, ect.

Bangladesh related Sites
Visit Bangladesh
A guide to Bangladesh by Bangladesh Tourism Board.

Bangladesh Parjatan Corporation
A guide to Bangladesh by the National Tourism Organization.

Discover Bangladesh
Makes You More Familiar with Bangladesh.

Virtual Bangladesh
Find almost everything there is to know about Bangladesh.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bangladesh
World Heritage Site
Historic Mosque City of Bagerhat
The ancient city in the south-west part of Bagerhat district in the Sundarbans contains some of the most significant buildings of early Muslim architecture of Bengal.

World Heritage Site Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur
Ancient monastery-city with ruins of an extensive Buddhist complex.

World Heritage Site The Sundarbans
One of the largest mangrove forest in the world, covering the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers in the south of Bangladesh and the southern part of West Bengal (India). The Sundarbans are known for its wide range of fauna, including some hundred bird species, lizards, mud scippers, dolphins, and the threatened Bengal tiger.



Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)
The oldest institution for the study of Engineering and Architecture in Bangladesh.
Independent University, Bangladesh
Established in 1993.
Jahangirnagar University
Dhaka, established in 1970.
North South University (NSU)
Established in 1992.
University of Chittagong
Public university located in Chittagong, founded in 1965.
University of Dhaka
Oldest University of Bangladesh, estabilshed 1921.

University Grants Commission of Bangladesh
The apex body of all Government Funded Universities, with Information on Bangladesh Universities.

Bangladesh Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization
Organisation for the application of space science.


Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment and Forest
The agency for the planning, promotion, co-ordination and overseeing the implementation of environmental and forestry programmes.
Department of Environment
DOE's mission is to help secure a clean and healthy environment for the benefit of present and future generations.

Bangladesh Environment Network
The site of BEN provides information on Bangladesh's environmental issues.

Flood Forecasting and Warning Centre (FFWC)
The centre monitors the rainfall and water-levels throughout Bangladesh.

Rural Bangladesh
Rural Bangladesh


Bangladesh Genocide Archive
Online archive of the chronology of events of the almost unknown Genocide in Bangladesh in 1971.
Virtual Bangladesh : History
Overview of Bangladesh's History.
The Bangladesh Liberation War Museum
History of the war for Bangladeshs Independence 1971.
Rahman, Sheikh Mujibur (1920-1975)
The Father of The Nation of Bangladesh.

Bangladesh : History
History of Bangladesh summary by the Commonwealth of Nations organization.

Sources and additional Information on Bangladesh:

Amnesty International: Bangladesh

BBC News Country Profile: Bangladesh

FAO: Bangladesh

GlobalEDGE: Bangladesh

Human Rights Watch: Bangladesh

OEC: Bangladesh

Reporters Without Borders: Bangladesh Bangladesh

UNDP - Human Development Indicators: Bangladesh

Wikipedia: Bangladesh

Worldbank Data: Bangladesh

The World Factbook -- Bangladesh

Web resources:
Bangladesh Search Engine and Business Portal.

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Other Countries in South Central Asia:
AfghanistanBhutan | India | Iran | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Maldives
Nepal | Pakistan | Sri Lanka | TajikistanTurkmenistan | Uzbekistan
Major Cities in Southern Central Asia
Chandigarh, Chennai, Colombo, Dhaka, New Delhi, Islamabad, Karachi, Kathmandu, Kolkata,
Lahore, Male, Mumbai, Thimphu