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Parliament House Singapore
Entry to Singapore's Parliament House in the Civic District of Downtown Singapore.
Image: kk

___ Singapore

Lion Symbol of Singapore
Location map of Singapore. Where in the world is Singapore?
Location map of Singapore

A virtual travel guide to Singapura; the Malay name for "Lion City".
The city-state in Southeast Asia consists of the island of Singapore and about 54 smaller islands. The main island is linked by a causeway to Johor Baru on the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.

The former British colonial trading post is since its independency in 1965, officially the Republic of Singapore, the city state is situated 137 km (85 mi) north of the equator, and just south of Peninsular Malaysia. In south the Strait of Singapore separates the island from the Riau Archipelago of Indonesia.

Singapore occupies an area of 718 km2, compared, it is the smallest state in Southeast Asia, slightly larger then one fourth of Luxembourg or also slightly larger than 3.5 times the size of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC.

The city state has a population of 5.6 million people, and a resident population of 3.9 million (in 2016). Official languages are English (language of administration), Malay, Mandarin, and Tamil.

Singapore is famous for being a global financial center, a shopping paradise, and as a spot for a variety of activities, dining and entertainment.

Republic of Singapore | Republik Singapura (Malay)   新加坡共和國 (Chinese)

Country Profile

Singapore Flag

Flag of Singapore
Coat of arms of Singapore
Coat of arms of Singapore

Official Name:
Republik Singapura
Republic of Singapore
short form: Singapore
Chinese (pinyin): Xinjiapo Gònghéguó
Malay: Republik Singapura

ISO Country Code: sg

Local Time = UTC +8h
Actual Time: Wed-Nov-11  21:53

Country Calling Code: +65

Capital City: Singapore (Sanskrit Singapura--Lion City; pop. 3.5 million)

Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysian Federation)
Constitution: 3 June 1959, amended 1965 (based on preindependence State of Singapore Constitution)

Location: Southeast Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia.
Area: 597 km2 (230,5 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve.

Climate: equatorial, a tropical rainforest climate; hot and humid.

Nationality: noun: Singaporean(s), adjective: Singapore
Population: 5.6 million (2016)
GNI per capita PPP: int'l $ 28,228
Ethnic Groups: Chinese 77%, Malay 14%, Indian 8%
Religions: Buddhist (Chinese), Muslim (Malays), Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Taoist, Confucianist.
Languages: PuTongHua (Mandarin Chinese, official), Malay (official and national), Tamil (official), English (official)
Literacy: 93%

Natural resources: Fish, deepwater ports.
Agriculture - products: Rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables, poultry, eggs, fish, ornamental fish.

Industries: Electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade.

Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment (including electronics and telecommunications), pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, refined petroleum products, foodstuffs and beverages

Exports - partners: China 13.7%, Hong Kong 11.5%, Malaysia 10.8%, Indonesia 8.2%, US 6.9%, Japan 4.4%, South Korea 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Imports - partners: China 14.2%, US 11.2%, Malaysia 11.2%, Japan 6.3%, South Korea 6.1%, Indonesia 4.8% (2015)

Currency: Singapore Dollar (S$, SGD)

Singapore in Figures
More Singapore statistical data.

The island city-state on the southern tip of Malay Peninsula has seen many rulers in its history. It has been an outpost of the ancient Sumatran Srivijaya empire; it was part of the Sultanate of Johore in the 15th and 16th century, and it was burned down by Portugese forces in 1617.
In the beginning of the 19th century Singapore became a trade post and settlement of the British East India Company and some years later a British crown colony.
Singapore is today (beside Monaco) the most densely populated independent country in the world. Its strategic location combined with a largely corruption-free government, a skilled work force, pro-foreign investment and export-oriented, led to a successful free-market economy which attracts international investment funds on a large scale despite its relatively high-cost operating environment.

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Official Sites of Singapore

Singapore is a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a (in theory) multi-party system. Since 1965, Singapore's policy has been dominated by the People's Action Party (PAP). Therefore, Singapore is classified as a one-party state by critics.
Head of state is the President, head of government is the Prime Minister. Voting at Singapore's presidential elections or parliamentary elections is compulsory for all eligible citizens. On the other hand, Singapore has been consistently rated in the Top10 of the least corrupt countries in the world by Transparency International.

Istana Singapore
Office of the President of the Republic.

Prime Minister's Office
The official PMO site.

The Cabinet
Official site of the Cabinet.

The Parliament
Official web site of the Parliament.

SINGOV: Singapore Government Online Portal
The Government's official site.
Singapore Government Directory interactive (SGDI)
The government directory lists Ministries, Organs of State, ond other institutions.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA)
Official site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Singapore to the U.S.
Washington D.C.
Embassy of Singapore in Germany
Singapore embassy Berlin.
Singapore Missions Worldwide
Address list of Singapore Embassies Abroad.
Foreign Missions Accredited to Singapore
Addresses of Foreign High Commissions, Embassies, Consulates and International Organizations.
Visa & Entry Facilities
Visa information.

Meteorological Services
Singapore weather.

Statistics on Singapore
Statistical figures, census and more.
Singapore in Figures
Singapore key statistical data.


Map of Singapore
Map of Singapore.

Google Earth Google Earth Singapore.
Searchable map and satellite view of Singapore.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.

Singapore News

Lianhe ZaoBao
National and international news (in Chinese)
Singapore Press Holdings
News portal with various newspapers.
The Straits Times
National and international news.
Tamil Murasu
News in Tamil.

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Arts & Culture

great site  Asian Civilizations Museum
Where Asian Cultures Come Alive - the first museum in the region to present a broad perspective of pan-Asian cultures and civilizations.
Buddha Tooth Relic Temple and Museum
The famous Buddhist temple in Chinatown is worth a visit.
The Chinese Calligraphy Society of Singapore
The art of calligraphy.
Theaters on the Bay, is Singapore's a performing arts center.
National Museum of Singapore
Singapore's oldest museum hosts Singapore Living Galleries: Fashion, Film & Wayang (shadow puppet theater), Photography and Food.
Singapore Art Museum
Local and Southeast Asian modern and contemporary art.

Singapore Events

Singapore Arts Festival
Celebrations of cultural diversity and artistic innovation: dance, music, theater.
Audi Fashion Festival
Singapore celebrates fashion on a grand scale.
Singapore Food Festival
Feast Your Senses - Singapore's Food Festival brings together Asian and international cuisine.

World Gourmet Summit
One of Asia's foremost gastronomic event, the annual epicurean festival that showcases the intricate craftsmanship of prestigious chefs.
T ch
In a Temple in Chinatown

Business & Economy

Monetary Authority of Singapore MAS
MAS administers the various statutes pertaining to money, banking,
insurance, securities and the financial sector in general.

Singapore Exchange SGX
Official site of Singapore Stock Exchange.

Singapore International Chamber of Commerce
Official site of the Chamber.

International Enterprise (IE) Singapore
The formerly Singapore Trade Development Board is the lead agency
spearheading Singapore's efforts to develop its external economic wing.

Singapore's Major Companies

DBS Bank
DBS is a Singaporean multinational banking and financial services corporation headquartered in Marina Bay, Singapore.
Oversea-Chinese Banking Corporation, a publicly listed financial services organization, headquartered in Singapore.
United Overseas Bank is a multinational banking organization headquartered in Singapore, UOB has branches in most Southeast Asian countries.

M1 Limited is one of the three major telcos operating in Singapore.
Singapore Telecommunications Limited, a major telecommunications company with operations in 20 countries.
Subsidiary internet service provider of SingTel.

Great Eastern
Great Eastern Life is the oldest insurance company in Asia, it is largest life insurer in Singapore and Malaysia.

Fraser and Neave (F&N)
The group’s subsidiaries and associated companies include Frasers Centrepoint, Asia Pacific Breweries and Times Publishing. Fraser and Neave is since 2013 a subsidiary of ThaiBev (Chang Beer, Thailand).
Keppel Corporation
Company focused on marine, property and infrastructure businesses.
SembCorp Marine
Sembcorp Marine provides engineering solutions, the company is headquartered in Singapore.
Wilmar International
Asia’s leading agribusiness group, founded in 1991 and headquartered in Singapore.

Business News
Business Times Online
S'pore business news.

__Yellow Pages
Yellow Pages Singapore
Online Yellow Pages.


Singapore positions itself as a leading aviation hub, strategically located at the heart of the Asia-Pacific region, and well-placed to benefit from the growth potential of aviation-related activities such as air cargo handling, maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO) services and aircraft manufacturing.

Singapore Airlines
Official site of the national carrier, based at Changi Airport.
The regional wing of Singapore Airlines, connects 25 destinations in Asia.
Low-cost long-haul airline owned by Singapore Airlines with destinations in Asia and Australia.

Singapore based budget airline with flights to regional destinations in Southeast Asia, Australia, Japan, China and India.

Singapore Changi Airport
Official site of Changi Airport.

Public Transport
The state's mass rapid transit passenger service.

[email protected]
Public Transport information with interactive maps to get around Singapore.

Singapore Central Business District
Singapore - Central Business District
Image: kk

Fountain of Wealth - Suntec City
Fountain of Wealth at Suntec City - the world's largest fountain © STB

Raffles Statue
Raffles Statue at Raffles Landing Site
Image: kk
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Singapore - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover the Lion City: Central Business District, Orchard Road, Chinatown, Little India, Boat Quay, Night Safari, Bugis and Kampong Glam, Jurong Bird Park, Sentosa, Jurong Island, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin.

Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, recreation, dining, shopping, tours and much more.

great site Visit Singapore
The official destination website with comprehensive travel and tourism information.

Calendar of Events
Informs you about the attractions and events of the Lion City.

Singapore Infomap
Another official city guide to Lion City.

Singapore Tourism Board
Travel and tourism information plus event calendar.

[email protected]

Another information portal, a gateway to culture, events, recreation & sports.

This Week Singapore
Local shopping, dining and entertainment.

A tour guide to Sentosa, the premier island resort.

Singapore Zoo
Wildlife in the city.

Singapore Hotels
The Fullerton
5 star hotel in the Civic District.

Homepage of the grand old dame of the city.

Great Singapore Sale
Sale event in Asia's shopper's paradise.


Merlion Park
Merlion in front of The Fullerton Hotel
Image: kk

Raffles Hotel
Raffles Hotel © STB


Ministry of Education (MOE)
Official site of the ministry.

National University of Singapore (NUS)
The University was founded in 1905.

NUS Library
The University's Libraries are a group of six multi-disciplinary libraries.

Singapore Polytechnic
Official site with comprehensive information on a very wide range of programmes and courses offered by the Polytechnic.


Environment & Nature

Jurong BirdPark
Bird park in Jurong Town.
National Environment Agency
To ensure a quality environment for Singaporeans, for now and for generations to come.
National Parks Board (NParks)
Extensive tour guide to Parks and Gardens.
Singapore Botanic Gardens
Regional park, botanical institution, and tourist destination.
great site  Wild Singapore
All about nature in the Lion City.

Chinese Gardens
Garden City: Chinese Garden
© STB 

Singapore History

 History of Singapore
History outline of the city state of Singapore.

Harbour sceneEarly Singapore
© Chinatown Heritage Center


Official Singapore magazine.

Sources and additional Information on Singapore

Amnesty International: Singapore

BBC Country Profile: Singapore

FAO: Singapore

GlobalEDGE: Singapore

The Heritage Foundation: Singapore

Human Rights Watch: Singapore

OEC: Singapore

Reporters Without Borders: Singapore

Singapore - A Country Study
(Library of Congress)

Wikipedia: Singapore

The World Factbook -- Singapore

WWW Virtual Library Singapore
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries in Southeast Asia:
Brunei | Cambodia | East Timor | Indonesia | Laos | Malaysia | Myanmar | Philippines | Thailand | Vietnam

Major Cities in Southeast Asia
Bandar Seri Begawan, Bandung, Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Jakarta, Johor Bahru, Kuala Lumpur, Mandalay, Manila, Medan, Naypyidaw, Phnom Penh, Singapore, Surabaya, Vientiane, Yangon